Progetto di ricerca
Titolo: Pragmatic Analysis of Students’ Interactions in Intercultural Classroom Situations
The study examines students’ interactions in intercultural classroom situations. Through the analysis of naturally occurring dialogic encounters, the study will examine the multifaceted ways in which students utilise diverse communicative resources to construct, display, and negotiate their identities as learners and language users from different cultural backgrounds. Specifically, the objectives of the study are to examine politeness in the interactions of doctoral students in intercultural classroom situations; ascertain egocentrism and power manifestations in the interactions of these students; explore the manifestations of grounding in the students’ interactions. The study is a mixed method research with questionnaires and focus groups as main sources of data. In making use of the questionnaires, 432 doctoral students representing seven continents of the world are sampled for the study. The questionnaire seeks to elicit information on culture shock and cultural adaptation associated with first encounters. For the focus group discussions, students are drawn from two faculties: Faculty of Arts and Faculty of Sciences. The first year doctoral students of two departments from each of these faculties make up the population. The choice of this level is necessitated by the natural tendency for students of first encounter to be oblivious of one another’s cultural and linguistic behaviours. The data collection lasts for a period of 9 months of academic activities. This stipulated timeframe is to give room for the doctoral students to get acquainted with one another and create common grounds among them. As an eclectic study, the data analysis is based on the tenets of Leech’s (2007) Grand Strategy of Politeness (GSP) and the Socio-Cognitive Approach (SCA) to intercultural pragmatics.